Garlic is a cash spice crop of Liliyus clan, which is mainly grown during the Rabi season. It is used in making pickles, chutneys, ketchup and vegetables etc. It is rich in carbohydrates, protein and phosphorus. Employment can be generated by setting up small scale industries for processing garlic. Quality garlic produced in our country is in great demand in other countries. Therefore, foreign currency is also obtained from it by exporting it.
Medicinal properties- Garlic is very beneficial in digesting and digesting food. This lowers blood cholesterol concentrations. Many diseases like arthritis, constipation, tuberculosis, weakness, phlegm and red eyes etc. can be relieved by taking it.
Garlic is sown in the months of October to November. At the time of sowing, the distance from row to row should be 15 cm and the distance from plant to plant should be 7 to 10 cm. Early sowing of garlic causes more problems of bud rot.
If there is lack of moisture in the soil, after sowing the buds, do a light irrigation. After this, at the interval of 7 to 8 days while vegetative growth and tuber formation, irrigate at the interval of 12 days on light irrigation and ripening stage.
Selection of land
Garlic can be cultivated in any type of soil, but fertile and drainage loam soil is suitable for this. The bulb is small in size and has difficulty in digging. It can also tolerate frost and salinity to some level.
A cool and humid climate during the growth of garlic and a dry climate at the time of tuber maturity are appropriate. Being a cool climate plant, it can also be cultivated in fruitful gardens. The buds are prone to rot in high temperature and moisture and adversely affect germination.